七年級英語下知識點總結
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Unit1 Can you play the guitar?

◆短語歸納

1. play chess 下國際象棋

2. play the guitar 彈吉他

3. speak English 說英語

4. English club 英語俱樂部

5. talk to 跟…說

6. play the violin 拉小提琴

7. play the piano 彈鋼琴

8. play the drums 敲鼓

9. make friends 結交朋友

10. do kung fu 練 (中國) 功夫

11. tell stories 講故事

12. play games 做游戲

13. on the weekend/on weekends 在周末

◆用法集萃

1. play +棋類/球類 下…棋/打…球

2. play the +西洋樂器 彈/拉…樂器

3. be good at doing sth.= do well in doing sth. 擅長做某事

4. be good with sb. 和某人相處地好

5. need sb. to do sth. 需要某人做某事

6. can + 動詞原形 能/會做某事

7. a little + 不可數名詞 一點兒…

8. join the…club 加入…俱樂部

9. like to do sth. =love to do sth. 喜歡/喜愛做某事

◆典句必背

1. —Can you draw? 你會畫畫嗎?

—Yes, I can./No, I can’t. 是的,我會。/不,我不會。

2. —What club do you want to join? 你想加入哪個俱樂部?

—I want to join the chess club. 我想加入國際象棋俱樂部。

3. You can join the English club. 你可以加入英語俱樂部。

4. Sounds good./That sounds good. 聽上去很好。

5. I can speak English and I can also play soccer. 我會說英語也會踢足球。

6. Please call Mrs. Miller at 555-3721. 請給米勒夫人撥打電話555-3721。

◆話題寫作

主題:介紹自己特長/強項

Dear Sir,

I want to join your organization (組織) to help kids with

sports, music and English.

My name is Mike. I am 15 years old. I'm a student in No. 1 Middle school. I can play the guitar well. I can sing many songs. I can swim and speak English well, too. I think I can be good with the kids. I also do well in telling stories.

I hope to get your letter soon.

Yours,

Mike

Unit2 What time do you go to school?

◆短語歸納

1. what time 幾點

2. go to school 去上學

3. get up 起床

4. take a shower 洗淋浴

5. brush teeth 刷牙

6. get to 到達

7. do homework 做家庭作業

8. go to work 去上班

9. go home 回家

10. eat breakfast 吃早飯

11. get dressed 穿上衣服

12. get home 到家

13. either…or… 要么…要么…

14. go to bed 上床睡覺

15. in the morning/afternoon/evening 在上午/下午/晚上

16. take a walk 散步

17. lots of=a lot of 許多,大量

18. radio station 廣播電臺

19. at night 在晚上

20. be late for=arrive late for 遲到

◆用法集萃

1. at + 具體時間點 在幾點(幾分)

2. eat breakfast/lunch/dinner 吃早飯/午飯/晚飯

3. thirty/half past +基數詞 …點半

4. fifteen/a quarter to +基數詞 差一刻到…點

5. take a/an+名詞 從事…活動

6. from…to… 從…到…

7. need to do sth 需要做某事

◆典句必背

1. —What time do you usually get up? 你通常幾點鐘起床?

—I usually get up at six thirty. 我通常6:30起床。

2. That’s a funny time for breakfast. 那是個有趣的早餐時間。

3. —When do students usually eat dinner? 學生們通常什么時候吃完飯?

—They usually eat dinner at a quarter to seven in the evening. 他們通常在晚上6:45吃晚飯。

4. In the evening, I either watch TV or play computer games.

在晚上,我要么看電視,要么玩電腦游戲。

5. At twelve, she eats lots of fruit and vegetables for lunch.

在十二點,她午餐吃很多水果和蔬菜。

6. She knows it’s not good for her, but it tastes good.她知道它對她沒好處,但是嘗起來很好。

7. Here are your clothes. 這是你的衣服。

◆話題寫作

主題:談論日常作息習慣

My School Day

I am a student. I usually get up at seven, and I eat breakfast at seven thirty. Then I go to school at eight. School starts at eight thirty. I eat lunch at twelve. I go home at 17:00. I often eat dinner at 19:00 and then play the piano. I do my homework at 20:00. At 22:00, I go to bed.

Unit3 How do you get to school?

◆短語歸納

1. get to school 到達學校

2. take the subway 乘地鐵

3. ride a bike 騎自行車

4. how far 多遠

5. from home to school 從家到學校

6. every day 每天

7. take the bus 乘公共汽車

8. by bike 騎自行車

9. bus stop 公共汽車站

10. think of 認為

11. between…and… 在…和…之間

12. one 11-year-old boy 一個11歲的男孩 13.

play with… 和…玩

14. come true 實現

15. have to 不得不

◆用法集萃

1. take…to…= go to…by… 乘…去…

2. How do/does sb get to…? 某人是怎樣到…的?

3. How far is it from…to…? 從…到…有多遠?

4. It takes sb. some time to do sth. 做某事花費某人多長時間。 5. How long does it take to do sth.? …花費多長時間?

6. It is + adj. + to do sth. 做某事是…

7. Thanks for + n./Ving 感謝你(做)某事。

◆典句必背

1. —How do you get to school? 你怎么去上學?

—I ride my bike. 我騎自行車。

2. How far is it from your home to school? 從你家到學校有多遠?

3. How long does it take you to get to school? 去上學花費你多久?

4. For many students, it is easy to get to school. 對很多學生來說,很容易到達學校。

5. There is a very big river between their school and the village. 在他們學校和村莊之間有一條很大的河流。

◆話題寫作

主題:上學的交通方式

寫作思路:②開篇點題:點出自己的出行方式;②具體內容:自己選擇這種交通方式的原因;③結束語: 表明自己的觀點。

The Best Way for Me to Go to School

Different students go to school in different ways in our school, but I llike to go to school on foot.

First, I live near the school, so my home is not far from my school. And it takes me a few minutes to get there. Second, there is a crossing on my way to school, and sometimes the traffic is very busy. I think it is safer to go to school on foot. Third, I think walking is good for my health. It’s a kind of sport and it makes me study better.

So in my opinion, the best way to go to school is on foot. What about you?

Unit4 Don’t eat in class.

◆短語歸納

1. on time 準時,按時

2. listen to… 聽……

3. in class 在課上

4. be late for 做……遲到

5. have to 不得不

6. be quiet 安靜

7. go out 外出

8. do the dishes 清洗餐具

9. make breakfast 做早飯

10. make (one’s) bed 鋪床

11. be noisy 吵鬧

12. keep one’s hair short 留短發

13. play with sb. 和某人一起玩

14. play the piano 彈鋼琴

15. have fun 玩得高興

16. make rules 制訂規則

◆用法集萃

1. Don’t + 動詞原形+其他。 不要做某事。

2. help sb. (to) do sth. 幫助某人做某事

3. too many + 可數名詞復數 太多的……

4. practice doing sth. 練習做某事

5. be strict with sb. 對某人要求嚴格

6. be strict in sth. 對某事要求嚴格

7. leave sth sp. 把某物落在某地

8. keep+賓語+形容詞 使……保持某種狀態

9. learn to do sth. 學會做某事

10. have to do sth. 不得不做某事

◆典句必背

1. Don’t arrive late for class. 上課不要遲到。

2. Can we bring music players to school? 我們可以帶音樂播放器到學校嗎?

3. And we always have to wear the school uniform. 并且我們總是不得不穿校服。

4. There are too many rules! 有太多的規則!

5. Don’t leave the dirty dishes in the kitchen! 不要把臟盤子留在廚房里!

6. I have to keep my hair short. 我不得不留短發。

◆話題寫作

主題:規則

Dear Tom,

Thanks for your last letter. You want to know the rules in our school. Now let me tell you about them.

We can’t arrive late for class. We can’t talk loudly in class. We should keep quiet. When we meet our teachers on our way, we should say hello to them. We can’t eat or drink in class, and we can’t listen to music or play games in class.

I think we have too many rules. What about yours? Please write and tell me.

Yours,

Li Ming

Unit5 Why do you like pandas?

◆短語歸納

1. kind of 有幾分,有點兒

2. be from/come from 來自于

3. South Africa 南非

4. all day 整天

5. for a long time 很長時間

6. get lost 迷路

7. places with food and water 有食物和水的地方

8. cut down 砍倒

9. in (great) danger 處于(極大)危險之中

10. twelve years old 十二歲

11. things made of ivory 由象牙制成的東西

◆用法集萃

1. —Why…? 為什么……?

—Because… 因為……

2. let sb. do sth. 讓某人做某事

3. want to do sth. 想要做某事

4. one of+名詞復數 ……之一

5. forget to do sth. 忘記要做某事

6. forget doing sth. 忘記做過某事

7. help sb. (to) do sth. 幫助某人做某事

8. be friendly to sb. 對某人友好

◆典句必背

1. —Why do you like pandas? 你為什么喜歡熊貓?

—Because they’re kind of interesting. 因為它們有點兒有趣。

2. —Why does John like koalas? 約翰為什么喜歡樹袋熊?

—Because they’re very cute. 因為它們非常可愛。

3. —Why don’t you like tigers? 你為什么不喜歡老虎?

—Because they’re really scary. 因為它們真的嚇人。

4. —Where are lions from? 獅子來自哪里?

—They’re from South Africa. 它們來自南非。

5. Elephants can walk for a long time and never get lost. 大象能走很長時間并且從不迷路。

6. They can also remember places with food and water. 它們也能記住有食物和水的地方。

7. But elephants are in great danger. 但是,大象處于極大危險之中。

8. People cut down many trees so elephants are losing their homes.

人們砍倒了許多樹,因此,大象漸漸失去它們的家園。

9. Today there are only about 3,000 elephants (over 100,000 before)

現在僅有大約3000頭大象(之前超過10萬頭大象)。

10.Isn’t she beautiful? 她難道不美麗嗎?

◆話題寫作

主題:介紹自己喜歡的動物

The Animal I Like

There are many kinds of animals in the world. What animal do I like? Let’s know her.

Many people like her very much. I also like her. She is from China. She is very cute. She doesn’t eat grass and meat at all. She eats bamboo every day. She is so nice. She is black and white. She has two big black ears and eyes. And she also has black legs and arms.

What animal is she? She is a panda. I like panda very much. Do you like her? What animal do you like?

Unit6 I’m watching TV.

◆短語歸納

1. watch TV 看電視

2. read a newspaper 看報紙

3. talk on the phone 通過電話交談

4. listen to music 聽音樂

5. use the computer 使用電腦

6. make soup 做湯

7. wash the dishes 洗餐具

8. kind of 有點兒

◆用法集萃

1. —What + be+ 主語+ doing? ……正在做什么?

—主語+ be + doing sth. ……正在做某事。

2. I’d love/like to do sth. 我愿意做某事。

3. any other+可數名詞單數 其他任何一個……

4. wish to do sth. 希望做某事

◆典句必背

1. —Why are you doing? 你在做什么?

—I’m watching TV. 我在看電視。

2. —What’s she doing? 她在做什么?

—She’s washing her clothes. 她在洗她的衣服。

3. —What are they doing? 他們在做什么?

—They’re listening to a CD. 他們在聽一張CD 唱片。

4. —Are you doing your homework? 你在做你的家庭作業嗎?

—Yes, I am. / No, I’m not. I’m cleaning my room. 是的,我在做。/不,我沒有。我在打掃我的房間。

5. Zhu Hui misses his family and wishes to have his mom’s delicious zongzi.

朱輝思念他的家人并希望吃上他媽媽的可口粽子。

◆話題寫作

主題:描述正在發生的事情

It’s seven o’clock in the evening. Kate’s family are all at home.

Kate is doing her homework. Her father is reading a book. Her mother is watching TV. Her grandfather is listening to the radio and her grandmother is cleaning the room. Her sister, Betty, is playing computer games.

They are all enjoying themselves.

Unit7 It’s raining!

◆短語歸納

1. not bad 不錯

2. at the park 在公園

3. take a message for… 為……捎個口信

4. have a good time/have a great time/have fun/enjoy oneself 過得愉快

5. call sb. back 給某人回電話

6. no problem 沒問題

7. right now 現在

8. talk on the phone 通過電話交談

9. some of ......當中的一些

10. by the pool 在游泳池邊

11. drink orange juice 喝橙汁

12. study hard 努力學習

13. on a vacation 在度假

14. in the mountains 在山里

15. call sb. 給某人打電話

16. write to sb. 給某人寫信

◆用法集萃

1. tell sb. (not) to do sth. 告訴某人(不要)做某事

2. have a great time/have fun + (in) doing sth. 愉快地做某事

3. just right for doing sth. 做某事正合適

◆典句必背

1. How’s the weather?

天氣怎么樣?

2. It’s cloudy. / It’s sunny. / It’s raining.

天氣多云。/ 天氣晴朗。/ 天正下雨。

3. How’s it going?

情況怎么樣?

4. Great! /Not bad./Terrible!

好極了!/ 不錯。/糟糕!

5. Can I take a message for him?

我給他捎個口信好嗎?

6. I’m having a great time visiting my aunt in Canada.

我正在加拿大愉快地拜訪我的姨媽

7. My family and I are on a vacation in the mountains.

我和我的家人正在山里度假。

8. It’s hot in your country now, isn’t it?

現在你的國家天氣炎熱,不是嗎?

◆話題寫作

主題:介紹某地的天氣

The Weather in Beijing

Hello, everyone! I’m from Beijing. Do you want to know the weather in Beijing? Now let me tell you something about the weather here.

In Beijing, spring is very short and warm. In summer, it’s very hot, but it often rains. We often go swimming in the river. In autumn, the weather is very dry and cool. We often go to the farm to work with the farmers to help them. In winter, it’s very cold, and sometimes it’s snowy and windy.

I like swimming, so summer is my favorite season.

Unit8 Is there a post office near here?

◆短語歸納

1. post office 郵局

2. police station 警察局

3. pay phone 付費電話

4. Bridge Street 橋街

5. Center Street 中心大街

6. Long Street 長街

7. near here 附近

8. across from 在……對面

9. next to 挨著,靠近

10. between…and… 在……和……之間

11. in front of 在……前面

12. excuse me 勞駕

13. far from 離……遠

14. go along… 沿著……走

15. turn right/left 向右/左轉

16. on the(或one’s) right/left 在(某人的)右邊/左邊

17. in my neighborhood 在我的街區

18. look like 看起來像

19. in life 一生中

20. be free 免費的/有空的

◆用法集萃

1. Turn right / left at the +序數詞+ crossing. 在第幾個路口向右 / 左轉。

2. spend + 時間 /金錢 + on sth. 花費時間/金錢在......

spend + 時間 / +金錢 (in) doing sth. 花費時間/金錢做某事

3. watch sb. doing 觀看某人正在做某事

4. enjoy doing sth. 喜歡做某事

◆典句必背

1. —Is there a hospital near here? 這附近有醫院嗎?

—Yes, there is. It’s on Bridge Street. 是的,有。它在橋街上。

2. —Oh… where’s Center Street? 噢……中心大街在哪里?

—It’s not too far from here. 它離這兒不太遠。

3. Go along Long Street and it’s on the right. 沿著長街走,它在右邊。

4. Turn right at the first crossing. 在第一個十字路口向右轉。

◆話題寫作

主題:指路

Where is the hotel? Let me tell you how to get there. Go down this road and then turn left. Go through First Street and Second Street. When you come to Third Street, turn right and walk on. You can see a bridge over a river. Go across the bridge. Then you can see the hotel. It’s on your right, across from the post office. You will find it.

Unit9 What does he look like?

◆短語歸納

1. short hair 短發

2. long hair 長發

3. curly hair 卷發

4. straight hair 直發

5. (be) of medium height 中等個子

6. (be) of medium build 中等身材

7. go to the movies 去看電影

8. a little 有點兒

9. look like 看起來像

10. a big nose 大鼻子

11. a small mouth 小嘴巴

12. a round face 圓臉

13. black hair 黑發

14. big eyes 大眼睛

15. a long face 長臉

16. the same way 同樣的方式

17. in the end 最后

18. blonde hair 金黃色的頭發

◆用法集萃

1. What does / do + 主語 + look like? ……長得什么樣?

2. sb. + be + of + medium build / height 某人中等身材/個子

3. sb. + has +… hair 某人留著……頭發

4. sb. wears + ... 某人穿著/戴著……

◆典句必背

1. —What does he look like? 他長什么樣?

—He’s really tall. 他真的很高。

2. —Do they have straight or curly hair? 他們留直發還是卷發?

—They have curly hair. 他們留卷發。

3. —Is he tall or short? 他高還是矮?

—He isn’t tall or short. He’s of medium height. 他不高不矮。他中等個子。

4. The man with a pair of glasses is my English teacher. 那個戴眼鏡的男人是我的英語老師。

◆話題寫作

主題:介紹某人的外貌

Lost

Kate, a twelve –year-old girl, is lost in the street.

She is of medium height with short hair. She has a round face and small eyes. She wears a pair of glasses. She wears a white shirt, a pair of blue jeans and a pair of black sports shoes.

If anyone knows her, please call Mr. Green at 26458132. Thanks a lot.

Unit10 I’d like some noodles.

◆短語歸納

1. would like 想要

2. take one’s order 點菜

3. beef soup 牛肉湯

4. one bowl of… 一碗……

5. what size 什么尺寸

6. mapo tofu with rice 麻婆豆腐蓋飯

7. what kind 什么種類

8. small / medium / large bowl 小/ 中/大碗

9. green tea 綠茶

10. orange juice 橘汁

11. around the world 世界各地

12. birthday cake 生日蛋糕

13. the number of… ......的數量

14. make a wish 許個愿望

15. blow out 吹滅

16. in one go 一口氣

17. come true 實現

18. cut up 切碎

◆用法集萃

1. would like + sth. 想要某物

2. would like + to do sth. 想要做某事

3. Why don’t you + do sth.? 何不做某事?

4. the number of + 名詞復數 ……的數量;a number of+名詞復數 許多……

◆典句必背

1. What kind of noodles would you like? 你想要哪種面條?

2. I’d like beef noodles, please. 我想要牛肉面。

3. What size would you like? 你想要多大的?

4. I’d like a medium bowl, please. 我想要一個中碗的。

5. Would you like a large bowl? 你想要一個大碗的嗎?

6. Yes, please. 好吧。

7. If he or she blows out all the candles in one go, the wish will come true. 假如他或她一口氣吹滅所有的蠟燭,愿望將實現。

◆話題寫作

主題:介紹自己最喜歡的食物

My Favorite Food

I’m a middle school student. I like to eat healthy food. I have milk, eggs and bread for breakfast. For lunch I would like rice, fish and vegetables. I like chicken, juice, rice and hamburgers for supper. Of all the food, my favorite food is chicken and apple juice.

Unit11 How was your school trip?

◆短語歸納

1. go for a walk 去散步

2. milk a cow 擠牛奶

3. ride a horse 騎馬

4. feed chickens 喂小雞

5. talk with 與……談話

6. take photos 拍照

7. quite a lot 相當多

8. show… around 帶領……參觀

9. learn about 了解

10. from… to… 從……到……

11. grow strawberries 種植草莓

12. pick strawberries 采草莓

13. in the countryside 在鄉下

14. go fishing 去釣魚

15. at night 在夜晚

16. a lot of 許多;大量

17. come out 出來

18. go on a school trip 去學校郊游

19. along the way 沿線

20. after that 之后

21. buy sth. for sb. 為某人買某物

22. all in all 總的來說

23. take a / the train 乘火車

24. be interested in 對……感興趣

25. not… at all 根本不……

◆用法集萃

1. How + be…? + like? ……怎么樣?

2. too many + 可數名詞復數 太多的……

3. teach sb. how to do sth. 教某人怎樣做某事

4. quite + a / an + 形容詞+可數名詞單數 = a + very + 形容+可數名詞單數 一個相當 / 很……的......

◆典句必背

1. —How was your school trip? 你的學校郊游怎么樣?

—It was great! 好極了!

2. —Did you go to the zoo? 你去動物園了嗎?

—No, I didn’t. I went to a farm. 不,沒有。我去農場了。

3. —Did you see any cows? 你看見一些牛奶了嗎?

—Yes, I did. I saw quite a lot. 是的,我看見了,我看見相當多(的牛奶)

4. —Were the strawberries good? 這些草莓是好的嗎?

— Yes, they were. 是的,它們是。 / No, they weren’t. 不,它們不是。

5. Everything was about robots and I’m not interested in that. 一切都是關于機器人的,我對那方面不感興趣。

◆話題寫作

主題:介紹過去的活動

I had a busy weekend. On Saturday morning, I did my homework, and then I played computer games. In the afternoon, I visited my grandmother. We talked for a long time.

On Sunday morning, I cleaned my room and did some reading. Then I cooked for m parents. In the afternoon, I watched a football match on TV and listened to music. I had a good time.

Unit12 What did you do last weekend?

◆短語歸納

1. do my homework 做我的家庭作業

2. go to cinema 去看電影

3. go boating / camping 去劃船 / 去野營

4. play badminton 打羽毛球

5. on Saturday morning 在星期六早上

6. work as 以……身份而工作

7. have a good weekend 周末過得愉快

8. kind of 有點兒

9. stay up late 熬夜

10. run away 跑開

11. shout at 對……大聲叫嚷

12. fly a kite 放風箏

13. high school 中學

14. put up 搭起,舉起

15. in the countryside 在鄉下

16. get a surprise 吃驚

17. make a fire 生火

18. each other 互相

19. so… that… 如此……以至于……

20. go to sleep 入睡

21. the next morning 第二天早上

22. look out of…向……外看

23. shout to 沖……呼喊

24. up and down 上上下下

25. wake…up 把……弄醒

26. move into… 移進……

27. a swimming pool 一個游泳池

◆用法集萃

1. go + doing 去做某事

2. play + 球類 玩……球

3. 時間段+ ago ……前

4. keep + sb. / sth. + 形容詞 / 副詞 / 介詞短語 使……保持……

5. so + 形容詞 / 副詞+ that 句子 如此……以至于……

6. see sb. doing sth. 看見某人正在做某事

7. let sb. do sth. 讓某人做某事

8. start to do / doing sth. 開始做某事

◆典句必背

1. —What did you do last weekend? 上個周末你做什么了?

—I did my homework. / We went boating. 我做了我的家庭作業。/我們去劃船了。

2. —Who visited her grandma? 誰看望了她的奶奶?

— Becky did. 貝姬看望了。

3. My sister finished high school two weeks ago. 我的姐姐兩周前中學畢業了。

4. But I was so tired that I went to sleep early. 但是我是如此疲倦,以至于我很早就睡著了。

◆話題寫作

主題:介紹過去發生的一件事情

My friend Li Hua came to visit me on May Day. During the following days I showed him around the city.

We went to the Guangzhou Museum on the morning of May 2. We learned much about the history of Guangzhou. In the afternoon., we climbed the Baiyun Hills. It was really great fun! In the evening. I took Li Hua to the night zoo. It was interesting to see animals at night. The next day, we went to the bookshops to buy books.

Though we were very tired, we enjoyed ourselves very much.


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