初中英語單項選擇100道練習
來源: | 作者: | 時間:2018-05-23 | 瀏覽  | 設置字體:

1. ---Do you know what he did all day?

---He spent as much time playing as he ______.

A. studying B. was studying C. studied D. did studying

2. I can’t say ______I want to see him again. We haven’t seen each other for a long time.

A. how long B. how soon C. how often D. how much

3. It is said that land animals ______ from sea animals.

A. were developed B. developed C. are developing D. develops

4. ---Would you like some coffee?

---Yes, and please get me some milk, too. I prefer coffee ______milk.

A. to B. with C. than D. of

5. ______ made his teacher unhappy.

A. Tom came late B. Tom’s came late C. Tom’s late D. Tom’s coming late

6. Father asked Edison ________.

A. what was he doing that for B. why he was doing that for

C. how he was doing that for D. what he was doing that for

7. We are going to have the sports meeting _____it _______tomorrow.

A. if, rains B. unless, will rain C. unless, rains D. when, will rain

8. ______ of the students in our class _______ from the country.

A. Three fifth, is B. Three fifths, are C. Third fives, are D. Three five, is

9. News can _____every corner of the world with the help of the Internet.

A. reach B. arrive C. get D. reach to

10. Here is only one seat for the old man________.

A. to sit B. sitting C. sitting on D. to sit on

11. Though this pair of shoes is a bit expensive, I would like to________.

A. try them on B. try on them C. try them out D. try out them

12. How can we finish ____ much work in ___a short time?

A. so, so B. such, such C. so, such D. such, so

13. Last night, he had his car________.

A. to steal B. stole C. stealing D. stolen

14. Last night several young men ________the bank of lots of money.

A. stole B. robbed C. took D. got

15. Where was this big egg_____?

A. lied B. lain C. laid D. lay

16. _______ school, we can get much knowledge.

A. Because B. Thanks for C. Thanks with D. Thanks to

17. You’d better think about ________ a car now.

A. whether buy B. if buy C. whether to buy D. if to buy

18. He talks too much as if he ______everything.

A. knows B. knew C. has known D. to know

19. He will come to stay with us for _________________ next month.

A. some time sometime B. sometime some time C. sometime D. some times

20. This radio program is well worth________.

A. listening B. listening to C. watching D. to listen

21. He must be a doctor, _________?

A. mustn’t he B. must he C. is he D. isn’t he

22. This building is taller than _________one around it.

A. any other B. another one C. any D. some other

23. Though he live________, he doesn’t feel ________ because he can enjoy himself at home.

A. lonely, lonely B. alone, alone C. alone, lonely D. lonely, alone

24. Yangzhou High School sounds _________ a good one. But I would like to have more information about it.

A. / B. as C. like D. what

25. ---How long_______ you _______ the English dictionary?

---About half a year.

A. have, got B. did, buy C. have, had D. have, bought

26. _______ my great surprise, such a little boy can draw so many beautiful pictures.

A. In B. With C. To D. For

27. _____the old man spoke, ____he became.

A. The more, the angry B. The more, the more angrily

C. The more, the angrier D. The most ,the angrier

28. ____the help of my English teacher, I did well in English last term.

A. Under B. In C. With D. For

29. She _____a teacher, but now she is a doctor.

A. used be B. used to be C. was used to be D. was

30. What do you think __________him change his mind?

A. to make B. made C. make D. making

31. They are practising _______in the hall.

A. dance B. to dance C. dancing D. to dancing

32. It is _____that we all like to read it.

A. so good a book. B. such good a book C. so a good book D. such good books

33. She often offers _______.

A. us with some food B. some food to us C. us to some food D. money me

34. Most sharks feed _____ fish and other animals.

A. with B. for C. on D. by

35. ---Can you look after my daughter for me while I am away?

---______.

A. It’s a pleasure B. With pleasure C. Not at all D. You’re welcome

36. Can you think of a way ________ it?

A. doing B. do C. to do D. of do

37. I’ll get her _______harder. You wait and see.

A. study B. to study C. studied D. studies

38. Hearing his mother’s voice, the child couldn’t wait _______out.

A. rushing B. to rush C. rushed D. for rushing

39. The king _______himself from a leaning tree.

A. hung B. hanged C. hunged D. hang

40. Jim got up early _______ he caught the early train.

A. because B. or C. so that D. until

41. When _______the PRC______, do you know?

A. did, find B. did, found C. was, found D. was, founded

42. What’s six _________ seven?

A. multiplies B. multiplying C. multiplied D. multiplied by

43. My watch has stopped. It seems that I’ll go and _____ this afternoon.

A. have someone repaired it B. have someone to repair it

C. have someone repair it D. have it repair

44. I’m sure that their team will ______ ours.

A. fail B. take C. win D. beat

45. The flight was put off ________ fog.

A. because B. as the result C. as a result of D. as

46. He watched the game with a ______look.

A. surprising B. surprised C. surprise D. surprises

47. _____the time he got up, the road had already be covered with think snow.

A. For B. By C. At D. Until

48. It’s very ________ to talk with him.

A. worth B. rewarding C. deserve D. pleasure

49. To help animals is _______humans themselves.

A. help B. helping C. helpful D. to helping

50. Have you seen the pen ______I have lost?

A. what B. that C. who D. whose

51. The boy was too _______ to move when the train came near.

A. afraid B. frightening C. frightened D. frighten

52. Water must be kept _______away.

A. to run B. runs C. running D. from running

53. He is the ______of his parents. They are very _______of him.

A. proud, pride B. pride, proud C. pride, pride D. proud, proud

54. Mum, my shoes are______. Can I have a new pair?

A. wearing out B. worn C. worn out D. broken out

55. _______! You have a lot of time to go.

A. Don’t rush B. Don’t rush out C. Don’t look D. Don’t go

56. He had lived in this city _______I moved here. But I hear that he will leave this city_______.

A. long before, before long B. before long, before long

C. long before, long before D. before long, long before

57. It’s __________late now ,but I still have ___________homework to do.

A. too much, too much B. much too, much too

C. too much, much too D. much too, too much

58. He has great ________ in collecting stamps.

A. interesting B. interested C. interest D. to interest

59. We should make a contribution to _______the environment.

A. improve B. improving C. change D. changing

60. ---May I _______your motorbike, please?

---Certainly. But you mustn’t ______ it to others.

A. lend, lend B. borrow, lend C. borrow, borrow D. lend, borrow

61. The captains of the two sides will _______the conversation later.

A. go on B. carry on C. keep on D. go with

62. Will you please make ________ for me? I must be together with my baby.

A. a room B. room C. a space D. rooms

63. The machine must be ________at once.

A. put off B. put on C. put away D. put right

64. I wonder _______ the rain will stop soon.

A. that B. / C .if D. what

65. I will help you if I _______.

A. am able B. will be able C. can be able to D. am able to

66. I think _______impossible to learn English well in a short time.

A. that B. this C. it D. /

67. No matter______, you should not give it up.

A. what will happen B. what is happened C. what happens D. happen what

68. There is nothing _______with you. You needn’t be worried.

A. the wrong B. matter C. the matter D. the problem

69. Older people should __________politely.

A. speak to B. be spoken C. be spoken to D. spoken to

70. You should have a try _______you don’t know how to do it.

A. though B. even though D. as though D. even

71. When do you think________?

A. will he be back B. he will be back C. will be he back D. he will back

72. We usually see the sign “This Side Up”_______.

A. in a room B. on the road C. on a box D. on a glass

73. I will _______ until your father comes back home. I have something important to talk with him.

A. not wait B. leave C. wait D. not to wait

74. --- This boy is very clever.

---_________.

A. So is he B. So he is C. He is so D. He so is

75. It’s not an easy thing to give up _________ at my age.

A. smoke B. to smoke C. smoking D. to smoking

76. Hainan Island is the place _____, whether it is summer or winter.

A. to go B. to travel C. to be D. to visit to

77. He is afraid _______the bridge because he is afraid _______ into the water.

A. to cross, of falling B. of crossing, to fall

C. to cross, to fall D. of crossing, of falling

78. He has lived and worked in China _______1996.

A. in B. since C. for D. by

79. It’s great fun _______ the yo-yo. Do you want a go?

A. playing B. to play C. play with D. playing with

80. I really don’t know what ________next. Can you help me?

A. to do B. to do it C. do D. do it

81. Someone has called the police, ________?

A. has he B. hasn’t she C. hasn’t they D. haven’t they

82. You’d better go to bed early on weekdays, _______ you?

A. hadn’t B. didn’t C. weren’t D. needn’t

83. My parents went to work, leaving me _______ the homework at home alone.

A. to do B. did C. for doing D. doing

84. Your pen writes_______. Where did you buy it?

A. good B. nice C. neat D. well

85. She is _______ girl that I have ever known.

A. good B. better C. the best D. best

86. We lived a hard life _______.

A. in the 1960s B. in 1960s C. in the 1960 D. in 1960s’

87. English is spoken ______the world.

A. all over B. by C. as D. for

88. All the students _______when they heard the good news.

A. were cheered B. cheered C. are cheered D. cheering

89. Modem can be used for connecting a computer ______ a phone line.

A. with B. for C. to D. towards

90. _______ the population by the year 2050?

A. How many will be B. How much will be C. What will be D. What will

91. Your ticket must _______ ahead of time.

A. book B. be booked C. order D. be ordered

92. You must_______ try _______make mistakes any more.

A. not, to B. /, not to C. /, don’t D. /, to

93. Don’t _______the seas any more, or the living things in them will die.

A. litter B. litter into C. litter to D. litter in

94. In the first half, we scored three_______.

A. balls B. footballs C. goals D. games

95. Last year the boss of a large factory _______two million yuan to our school.

A. gave in B. gave up C. gave back D. gave away

96. I saw him _______ your room when I walked past yesterday afternoon.

A. entering into B. to enter C. enter D. enter into

97. I’d like something _______ English. Could you make some for me?

A. real B. really C. true D. truly

98. The teacher said that light _______faster than sound.

A. travelled B. is travelling C. travels D. to travel

99. To complain too often ______a good thing.

A. it isn’t B. that isn’t C. isn’t D. isn’t it

100. There are many _______ people working for the Great Green Wall.

A. million B. million of C. millions of D. millions

【答案與分析】

1.D。所空部分為省略結構,完整說法是:(as...as he)spent studying. 此處用did代替spent。

2. D。根據句意應該是“我說不出我有多么想他”。

3. B。動物的演變為主動,無被動之意,而且develop作為不及物動詞是“發展”、“演變”的意思,作為及物動詞是“開發”的意思。

4. B。我們很容易受“prefer...to..”的影響而誤選A。根據上下文,“我”想要的是“加牛奶的咖啡”。

5. D。名詞所有格后面要接動名詞形式。late是形容詞,故不能選C。

6.D。這是考查賓語從句。賓語從句要用陳述句語序。用why引導賓語從句時后面不能接介詞for。

7. C。unless是“除非”的意思,相當于 if not。當主句的謂語是一般將來時的時候,由unless引導的狀語從句要用一般現在時。

8. B。這是考查分數的表達法。分子用基數詞,分母用序數詞。當分子超過“一”時,分母的序數詞要用復數。謂語應和分數后的部分保持一致。

9. A。這是學生容易弄錯的。reach=arrive at (in)=get to。

10. D。這是考查動詞不定式作定語的用法。動詞不定式作定語時,與前面的名詞存在動賓關系,故要用及物動詞,如不是及物動詞要補上適當的介詞。

11. A。try out是“嘗試”的意思,try on才是“試穿”的意思,其中的on是副詞,them應放在中間。

12. C。有些同學認為such用來修飾名詞work,故選B。但是so many 或so much 是固定搭配。

13. D。“讓別人做”要用“have sth. done”結構。

14. B。steal和rob的用法不同。它們的固定搭配是:steal sth. from sb.; rob sb. of sth.。

15. C。這是學生很容易錯的題目。要分清這幾個詞的變化形式:lie (說謊)—lied, lied; lie (平躺)—lay, lain; lay (生蛋)—laid, laid。

16. D。thanks for是“感謝(事情)”的意思,thanks to是“幸虧”的意思。because 后面接從句,不可選。

17. C。這是考查if和whether的用法區別。當前面有介詞時要用whether。該句中whether和動詞不定式一起做about的賓語。

18. B。這是一種虛擬語氣。當 as if 用來表示現在或將來不可能做到的動作時要用一般過去時。又如:He treats me as if I were a child. (他把我當小孩看待。)

19. A。要注意這些詞形很相像,但意思不同。sometime(未來)某時,some time一些時間,sometimes有時,some times幾次。根據句義“下個月某個時間他將來和我們呆一段時間”很容易作出選擇。

20. B。be worth doing結構中的動詞要用及物動詞,如動詞本身不是及物動詞,要加上適當的介詞。

21. D。當must表示“猜測”時,反意疑問句部分與must后的詞保持一致。又如:He must have come back, hasn’t he? (他一定會來,是嗎?)

22. C。當比較的兩個事物不在同一個范圍里時,不用other來排除,只用any。

23. C。alone 在句中只能作表語或狀語,意思是“單獨的(地)”;lonely在句中既可以作表語,也可以作定語,意思是“孤獨的”。

24. C。sound(聽起來)后面可以直接接形容詞作表語,如果后面是名詞時要加like。

25. C。buy和get是非延續性動詞,不能用在表示延續的現在完成式中。

26. C。to one’s (great) surprise是一個固定短語,意思是“使某人驚訝的是”。

27. C。“the+比較級,the+比較級”是一個固定句型,表示“越……,越……”。

28. C。with one’s help 是固定短語,意為“在……的幫助下”。不能受漢語的影響而選A。

29. B。used to do (be) 表示“過去常常做(是)”,而be used to sth. / doing sth.表示“習慣于……”。

30. B。do you think 在句中是插入語,如果將此插入語拿掉,答案就很明顯了: What made him change his mind?

31. C。practise doing sth.是固定搭配。

32. A。我們可用“such+ a (an) + 形容詞+單數可數名詞”,也可用“so+形容詞+a(an) +單數可數名詞”,因此 so good a book =such a good book。

33. B。offer sth. to sb.是固定搭配,意為“向……提供……”。

34. C。feed on是固定短語,意為“以……為食”。

35. B。It’s a pleasure, Not at all和You’re welcome都是用來回答別人的感謝,意為“不用謝。” With pleasure用來回答別人的請求,意為“愿意效勞”。

36. C。動詞不定式to do作way的定語,如果用 of 后面要接doing 。

37. B。這是“get sb. to do sth.”結構。要注意句中的her是賓格,而不是物主代詞,故不能選D(studies 學業)。

38. B。can’t wait to do sth.是固定表達法,意為“迫不及待地做”,而wait for后面只能接名詞或代詞,不能接動詞。

39. B。這是考查對hang一詞的理解。hang有兩種意思,一為“懸掛”,其過去式和過去分詞都是不規則的(hung, hung),一為“吊死、絞死 ”,其過去式和過去分詞是規則的(hanged, hanged)。

40. C。so that表示目的或結果,意為“以便于、結果”。

41. D。find (found, found)是“發現”,found (founded, founded)是“建立”。一個組織或國家的建立應用被動結構。

42. D。“多少乘以多少”要用multiplied by 來表示。

43. C。have someone do sth.是一種固定結構,意為“請別人做”。

44. D。“贏得比賽”要用win, “打敗某人或某個隊”要用beat。

45.C。as a result of 是“由于……的緣故”的意思,as a result 是“結果”的意思。because 后面不能接名詞,because of 后面才可以接名詞。

46. B。surprising 是“令人驚訝”的意思,surprised是“感到驚訝”的意思。“面露驚訝之色”顯然是“感到驚訝”。

47. B。主句用的是過去完成時,說明主句動作發生在“he got up”之前。by表示“到……為止”,當它引導的時間狀語是一般過去時的時候,主句應該用過去完成時。

48. B。worth一般用于be worth sth./doing sth.句型中。rewarding 是個普通形容詞,意為“值得的”,deserve 是動詞,意為“應得、值得”,后接名詞或動詞不定式。

49. B。這里用動詞ing結構作表語。

50. B。這是定語從句,先行詞如果是“物”時要用 that 或 which 來引導,what只能引導一個賓語從句或主語從句。

51. C。afraid的意思是“恐怕”,frightened是“受驚嚇”的意思。

52. D。當keep sb./sth. (from)dong 變為被動句時,from不能省。

53. B。pride是名詞,意為“引為驕傲的人”,proud是形容詞,意為“感到驕傲的”。be proud of 意思是“對……感到驕傲”。

54. C。“……被穿壞了”要用be worn out 來表示。

55. A。“Don’t rush”還可以表示“別急”的意思。

56. A。long before 是“很久之前”的意思,before long是“不久之后”的意思。

57. D。too much 是too 修飾much ,意為“太多”,much too是much 修飾too,意為“非常、太”。

58. C。has是動詞,應用名詞作賓語。interesting和interested是形容詞。

59. B。make a contribution to 中的to 是介詞,后面要接ing形式。change the environment不符邏輯。

60. B。borrow意為“向……借”,lend意為“將……借給”。

61. B。carry on后可以直接帶名詞或代詞作賓語,而go on要加介詞with后才能帶名詞或代詞作賓語。

62. B。make room for是固定短語,意為“給……讓位置”,其中room是“空間位置”的意思,為不可數名詞。

63. D。put off意為“推遲”,put on意為“穿(戴)上”,put away意為“收好”,put right意為“修理”。

64. C。wonder if表示“對……感到懷疑”。wonder 后面不能接that從句。

65. D。be able to 是固定短語。在這里是if I am able to help you的省略,一定要保留to。

66. C。這里是句型 think it + adj. +to do sth.,意為“認為做……怎么樣”。其中it是形式賓語。

67. C。由no matter 引導壞狀語從句,當主句用一般將來時或情態動詞的時候,從句要用一般現在時。happen為不及物動詞,不能有被動語態。

68. C。說“什么東西(人)有毛病”的時候,我們用there is something wrong 來表示。這里的wrong可以用matter來替換,但一定要加定冠詞the。

69. C。被動語態的謂語要用及物動詞,如果不是及物動詞,要補上適當的介詞。該句的主動語態是“We must speak to older people politely.”,改成被動句時to不能省。

70. B。根據分析該句的意思應該是“即使你不知道如何去做,你也要嘗試一下”。though“雖然”,as though“好像”,even though“即使”。

71. B。當When will he be back 中加入插入語do you think時,do you think 后的語序應該用陳述句語序。back 是副詞,不能放在will的后面。

72. C。“This Side Up”意為“此側向上”,一般印在包裝盒上。

73. C。在not...until 結構中,謂語要用非延續性動詞,如果是延續性動詞,則不用否定句。

74. B。注意so he is 和so is he的區別。前者表示“他的確是這樣”(表示贊同),兩句的主語是指同一個人;后者表示“他也如此”,兩句的主語不是同一個人。

75. C。give up后面要接動詞的ing形式,意為“放棄做……”。

76. C。如果用動詞 to go 或 to travel 做定語,后面都要加to,而to visit后是不能加to的。

77. A。be afraid to do sth.是 “不敢做”的意思,be afraid of doing sth.是“害怕產生什么后果”的意思。

78. B。如果選A,則謂語要用一般過時,如果選D,則謂語要用過去完成時,如果選C,則表示已經住了1996年,顯然不符邏輯。

79. D。yo-yo是一種玩具,玩它要說play with the yo-yo。It’s great fun后要接動詞的-ing形式。

80. A。“what+動詞不定式”作know的賓語,在意思上what是do的賓語,因此不能再加it。

81.D。針對someone, anyone 或nobody的反意疑問句要用they來替代他們,針對something, anything或nothing的反意疑問句則要用it來代替。

82. A。我們可以將had better作為情態動詞。

83.D。leave sb./sth. doing 表示“將... ...留下做... ...”。

84. D。這里的動詞write是不及物動詞,不是連系動詞,要用副詞來修飾它。類似的說法還有:sell well(暢銷),grow well(長勢好)等。

85. C。“我”所認識的女孩不止一個,因此要用最高級。

86. A。in the 1960s 表示“20世紀60年代”,這是一種固定說法。

87. A。被動句中動作的執行者和動作的承受者要分清,這里我們省略了by the people。切不可望文生義。

88. B。cheer意為“高興”,是不及物動詞。

89. C。connect...to是固定搭配,意為“將……連接到……上”。

90. C。問人口 (population) 的“多少”要用what不用how many (much)。

91. B。book為預訂“票”,order則為預訂“貨物”或“點菜”。票要預訂顯然用被動語態。

92. B。not try to do sth.是“不努力去做”的意思,try not to 是“努力不做”意思。not try to make mistakes“不努力去犯錯誤”顯然不符合邏輯。

93. A。“往……拋垃圾”可以用“litter+地方”來表示。

94. C“進了幾個球”、“得了幾分”要說score...goals。這里的goal表示“得分”、“進球”的意思。

95. D。give in屈服,give up放棄,give back歸還,give away捐獻。

96. C。enter是及物動詞,意為“進入到……里面”,后面不能再接介詞。

97. B。這里用副詞really來修飾形容詞English。

98. C。當賓語從句表示客觀規律時動詞要用一般現在時。

99. C。動詞不定式 “to complain too often” 在句中作主語,用it就重復了。如果將動詞不定式置于后則要用it來代替:It isn’t a good thing to complain too often。

100. C。當hundred, thousand, million和billion前面用具體數字時來限定時,不用復數形式。hundreds of / thousands of / millions of表示“數百”、“數千”、“數百萬”,它們可以用many, several等來修飾。


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